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Review: Freakonomics – A Deep Dive into the Absurdities of Economics

It's not every day that a book challenges you to see the world differently. Yet, that is precisely what "Freakonomics" by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner does. Serving as a tantalizing exploration of 'rogue economics', this book was the unexpected catalyst that sparked my own burgeoning interest in the absurdities and oddities of economics. Its unconventional lens, probing questions, and quirky insights made me realize that economics isn't just about numbers and graphs; it's about understanding human behaviour and the hidden motives that drive our world.

Examples in Freakonomics

"Freakonomics" by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner is filled with unconventional wisdom, where the authors utilize intriguing examples to illustrate their points. Here are some of the notable examples from the book.

The Drop in Crime Rates in the 1990s: Explores the controversial theory that the legalization of abortion in the 1970s might have contributed to reduced crime rates in the 1990s.

Real Estate Agents and Home Sales: Demonstrates how a real estate agent might sell their own house differently compared to their clients’, highlighting the power of incentives.

Cheating Sumo Wrestlers: An investigation into the world of sumo wrestling in Japan reveals systematic cheating, illustrating how data can uncover hidden behaviors.

The Ku Klux Klan and Information Leverage: By detailing the dissemination of the KKK's secrets by a rogue radio host, the authors discuss the power of information and how it can diminish an organization's influence.

The Economics of Drug Dealing: Challenges the perception that drug dealers are wealthy by demonstrating that many street-level dealers live with their mothers due to low earnings.

Schoolteachers Cheating on Student Exams: A deep dive into standardized test results reveals patterns consistent with teachers altering student test answers to improve scores.

Naming Conventions and Socioeconomic Status: Investigates how names and naming patterns can provide insights into parents' socioeconomic status, aspirations, and more.

Swimming Pools vs. Guns: By comparing the risks of having a swimming pool to owning a gun, the authors discuss how perceived dangers can sometimes overshadow actual statistical risks.

This is just a glimpse of the array of diverse examples that Levitt and Dubner use in "Freakonomics" to explore the hidden side of everything. Each example is chosen to challenge conventional wisdom, ignite curiosity, and demonstrate that at its heart, economics is about understanding human behaviours and incentives.

About the Authors

Steven D. Levitt, a celebrated economist, holds a Ph.D. from MIT and is the William B. Ogden Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. His work, often characterized by an unconventional approach, traverses a myriad of topics, from the socioeconomic patterns of baby naming to the implications of real estate agents' behavior. Levitt's uncanny ability to ask the right questions, often ones no one else is asking, has earned him accolades, including the John Bates Clark Medal, awarded to the most promising economist under 40.

Then there's Stephen J. Dubner, an accomplished journalist and author. With a background that includes studying at Appalachian State University and later, earning a Master of Fine Arts in Writing from Columbia University, Dubner's prowess lies in his ability to weave intricate tales. Before "Freakonomics," he authored books like "Turbulent Souls" and "Confessions of a Hero-Worshiper." His diverse writing background, from rock bands to the workings of the human mind, showcases his vast range and depth as a storyteller.


At its core, "Freakonomics" shatters preconceptions. It compels readers to look beyond the obvious, urging them to connect seemingly unrelated dots. Levitt and Dubner present a series of economic puzzles, from the curious drop in crime rates in the 1990s to the real reasons people become drug dealers. Each chapter is a revelation, offering unexpected answers to questions we didn't even know we had.

One of the book's primary strengths is its ability to challenge conventional wisdom. For instance, while many believed the drop in crime rates during the 1990s was due to innovative police strategies, a strong economy, or tougher gun-control laws, Levitt and Dubner provocatively suggest that the actual cause might trace back to the legalization of abortion in the 1970s. Such assertions, backed by meticulous research and data, make "Freakonomics" a compelling read.

The authors' approach is refreshingly original. They don't confine themselves to traditional economic inquiries. Instead, they roam freely across various disciplines, pulling in insights from sociology, criminology, and psychology. This interdisciplinary approach, coupled with their witty and conversational writing style, ensures that the book remains engaging without becoming overwhelming.

The Critics

However, while "Freakonomics" is undeniably thought-provoking, it's not without its critics. Some have argued that the authors often oversimplify complex issues or cherry-pick data to fit their narratives. While these critiques have some merit, they do not significantly detract from the book's overall impact. After all, Levitt and Dubner's primary goal isn't to provide definitive answers but to stimulate curiosity and encourage readers to think differently.

The Freakonomics Podcast

Freakonomics Radio, stemming from Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner's acclaimed book, is a captivating podcast that delves beyond traditional economics into the quirks of human behavior and societal norms. Each episode, enriched with expert insights and compelling storytelling, unravels everyday mysteries and offers a fresh perspective on our world. For those with an insatiable curiosity, this podcast transforms the ordinary into the extraordinary, making it an essential listen.

Super Freakonomics

In the wake of the book's success, the authors penned a follow-up: "Super Freakonomics." Just as riveting as its predecessor, this sequel delves even deeper into the hidden side of everything, exploring topics like global cooling, the economics of prostitution, and why suicide bombers should buy life insurance. "Super Freakonomics" is another testament to Levitt and Dubner's unique perspective on the world, solidifying their reputation as two of the most unconventional thinkers in modern economics.

"Freakonomics" isn't just a book about economics; it's a celebration of curiosity and the joy of discovery. By highlighting the weird, the wonderful, and the downright absurd, Levitt and Dubner have not only made economics accessible to the masses but have also reshaped the way we think about the world. Whether you're an economic enthusiast or a casual reader, "Freakonomics" is bound to leave you with more questions than answers. And in a world that often accepts things at face value, that is perhaps its greatest triumph.


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